I built an original database detailing the district level data for all Canadian federal candidates since 1867. Unlike other datasets, I standardize candidate names across time (unique id) and provide the names of candidates, riding names, unique identification number for each riding, province, date of birth, gender, occupation, occupation categories, party affiliation, party categories, switchers, incumbency status, vote shares, raw votes, indigenous origins, candidates who identify as a member of the LGBTQ2+ community and so on. Here is a full list of all the variables and a description for each. I also collected similar data for all candidates in the Ontario provincial elections.
You can find both datasets on the Harvard dataverse here. Please cite: Sevi, Semra. 2021. “Who Runs? Canadian Federal and Ontario Provincial Candidates from 1867 to 2019” Canadian Journal of Political Science 54(2): 471-476.
These are the first publicly available comprehensive datasets of candidates election returns in Canada. The federal dataset is the first to standardize candidate names across elections by assigning unique id’s. This allows researchers to track candidates across elections. I first made the data publicly available in 2019. It includes information on over 46,526 candidates who ran for federal elections and 15,500 for the Ontario provincial elections. These data can be used to answer a number of important questions on political diversity in Canadian politics. It can also be combined with other datasets.
Here are some descriptives using the federal data:
Update: The data now includes results for the 2021 election and will continue to be updated for future elections.
Published peer-reviewed articles using these data:
Is Incumbency Advantage Gendered? Legislative Studies Quarterly.
Gender and Political Campaign Contributions in Canada. (with Erin Tolley and Randy Besco) Politics and Gender.
Who Runs? Canadian Federal and Ontario Provincial Candidates from 1867 to 2019 Canadian Journal of Political Science 54(2): 471-476. (2021)
Do Women Get Fewer Votes in Ontario Provincial Elections? (with André Blais and Vincent Arel-Bundock) In Roosmarijn de Geus, Erin Tolley, Elizabeth Goodyear- Grant, and Peter Loewen, eds. Women, Power, and Political Representation: Canadian and Comparative Perspectives. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. 2021.
Do Lawyers Get More Votes? (with André Blais and Danielle Mayer) American Review of Canadian Studies. 50(2): 216-228. (2020)
Do Women Get Fewer Votes? No (with Vincent Arel-Bundock and André Blais) Canadian Journal of Political Science 52(1): 201-210. (2019)
Legislative Party Switching and the Changing Nature of the Canadian Party System, 1867-2015 (with Antoine Yoshinaka and André Blais) Canadian Journal of Political Science 51(3): 665-695. (2018)
Working papers using these data:
“The Effects of Proposal Power on Incumbents’ Vote Share: Updated Results from a Naturally-Occurring Experiment” (with Donald P. Green) [Pre-analysis plan]
“Legislative Log-rolling: Using a Proposal Lottery to Identify Causal Effects” (with Donald P. Green) [Pre-analysis plan]
Popular articles using these data:
Women in the Parliament of Canada: 100 Years of Representation. Hill Notes. Library of Parliament. By: Clare Annett and Dominique Montpetit
Wilson-Raybould, Philpott face long odds as Independents – but not impossible ones. CBC News. By: Éric Grenier
Party Favours: How federal election candidates are chosen. The Samara Centre for Democracy.
Resources with these data: